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De minimis benefits are benefits of relatively small values provided by the employers to the employee on top of the basic compensation intended for the general welfare of the employees. Being of relatively small values, the same is not being considered as a taxable compensation and as such, not subject to income tax and withholding tax on compensation. The amount of de minimis provided is a deductible salaries expense, while for the employee, it would constitute as an additional salary that is not deducted withholding tax on compensation.
To further appreciate the tax exemptions, below is the updated list of de minimis benefits in the Philippines both to managerial and rand-and-file employees with some items updated in amounts by Revenue Regulations No. 11 – 2018 (RR 11-2018), the implementing rule of Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion (TRAIN) or Republic Act No. 10963 effective January 1, 2018 for guidance and easy reference.
1. Monetized unused vacation leave credits of private employees not exceeding ten (10) days during the year.
2. Monetized value of vacation and sick leave credits paid to government official and employees .
3. Medical cash allowance to dependents of employees, not exceeding P1,500 per employee per semester or P250 per month (as amended by RR 11-2018).
4. Rice subsidy of P2,000 or one (1) sack of rice 50 kilogram rice per month amounting to not more than P2,000 (as amended by RR 11-2018).
5. Uniform and clothing allowance not exceeding P6,000 per annum (as amended by RR 11-2018).
6. Actual medical assistance, e.g. medical allowance to cover medical and healthcare needs, annual medical/executive check-up, maternity assistance, and routine consultations, not exceeding P10,000 per annun.
7. Laundry allowance not exceeding P300 per month.
8. Employees achievement awards, e.g. for length of service or safety achievement, which must be in the form of tangible personal property other than cash or gift certificate, with an annual monetary value not exceeding P10,000 received by the employee under an established written plan which does not discriminate in favor of highly paid employees;
9. Gifts made during Christmas and major anniversary celebrations not exceeding P5,000 per employee per annum,
10. Daily meal allowance for overtime work and night/graveyard shift not exceeding twenty-five percent (25%) of the basic minimum wage on a per region basis.
11. Benefits received by an employee by virtue of a collective bargaining agreement (CBA) and productivity incentive schemes provided that the total monetary value received from both CBA and productivity incentive schemes combined do not exceed P10,000.00 per employee per taxable year.
As further provided under Revenue Regulations No. 15-2011 that has become effective starting the year 2011, all other benefits given by employers which are not included in the above enumeration shall not be considered “de minimis benefits, and hence, shall be subject to income tax as well as withholding tax on compensation income. Please note also of the limitations as to amount because it is material to qualify for exemptions. If you provide more than the limitations, the amount in excess of the limit would be taxable and subject to withholding tax on compensation, if the recipient employee is a rank-and-file, or fringe benefits tax (FBT) of 32% if a supervisory or managerial employee. This is however subject to the rule on the P90,000 amount for 13th month pay and other benefits where excess de minimis benefits may not be taxable if the total of such excess plus the 13th month pay and other benefits is within the P90,000 limitation.
Revenue Regulations No. 11 – 2018 – TRAIN or R.A. No. 10963
Disclaimer: This article is for general conceptual guidance only and is neither an expert opinion, nor a substitute for an expert opinion in itself. Please consult your preferred tax expert or consultant for the specific details applicable to your circumstances.
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